Anastasia Pharris is an Expert in HIV at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in Stockholm, Sweden. She is a nurse with Masters degrees in public health and community health nursing and a PhD in public health. Over the last 20 years, she has worked on clinical and public health aspects of HIV in the USA, Uganda, Zambia, Vietnam, Sweden and, now, at the European level. At ECDC, she is responsible for HIV surveillance within the countries of the European Union. She also provides technical support to countries in Europe on the HIV continuum of care and modelled estimates of HIV incidence and time from infection to HIV diagnosis.